history of ai

The history of Artificial Intelligence (AI) 

dates back to the 1950s when the first computational model for an artificial neuron was proposed. In 1956, the Dartmouth Conference marked the birth of AI as a field of study. In the 1960s, the first industrial robot, known as the Unimate, was developed, and natural language processing programs emerged.

In the 1970s, autonomous mobile robots and expert systems were developed. In the 1990s, IBM's Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov in a chess match, marking the first time a computer had beaten a world champion.

In the 2000s, machine learning algorithms, including deep learning based on neural networks, became more sophisticated. In 2011, IBM's Watson defeated human champions in the game show Jeopardy! using natural language processing. In 2012, Google's self-driving car completed its first successful test drive on public roads.

In 2015, DeepMind's AlphaGo defeated the world champion Lee Sedol in the game of Go, marking a major milestone in AI's ability to learn and reason. In 2018, OpenAI's GPT-2, a natural language processing model, demonstrated the ability to generate coherent and convincing human-like text.

In recent years, there have been significant advancements in AI. In 2019, OpenAI introduced GPT-2, a generative model capable of creating realistic and coherent text. In 2020, DeepMind's AlphaFold 2 made a significant breakthrough in protein folding prediction, critical to understanding diseases and developing new drugs. In the same year, AI was also used to develop new approaches to detecting and fighting COVID-19.

In 2021, Tesla's autonomous driving system, Autopilot, showed significant improvement and was approved for use on public roads in some regions. OpenAI's DALL-E, a generative model capable of creating images from textual descriptions, was also introduced in the same year. The European Union introduced new regulations on AI, including guidelines on ethical and trustworthy AI and limitations on the use of AI for mass surveillance and social scoring systems.

outline the history of ai developments using dates and details of persons involved